An introduction to Body of Ageing and what it means to age well To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web browser that supports HTML5 video Loading.

Rethinking Ageing: Are we prepared to live longer?34 ratingsExplore Related VideosAt Coursera, you will find the best lectures in the world. Here are some of our personalized recommendations for youTry the Course for FreeThis Course34 ratingsPopulation ageing is occurring in nearly every country around the world.

This MOOC takes a multidisciplinary approach to explore the impact of living longer and takes into account the technological advancements, the built environment, economics and ethics to rethink what it means to 'age well' now and in the future. Rethinking Ageing is a uniquely designed course to give you a broad overview of the many complex issues involved as we as individuals get older and on the macro-level for population ageing.

You may already have a particular interest in one discipline, such as mental health and ageing or age-friendly design. We encourage you, though, to use this course to explore the other perspectives on population ageing as the modules build on each other.

View the MOOC promotional video here: /j7lz8q8From the lessonLifelong participationThere are a myriad of ways people continue to participate in their later years. Week two dives into the physical and psychological changes that are more common in later life and how the gains in technology advancements enable people to be active, independent and socially connected to support lifelong participation.

We move from the population perspective covered in week one and consider your individual health status and the factors that influence how you age, such as the type of work you do, your environment, current health conditions and daily activities. Associate Professor Louisa Remedios and Dr Debra Virtue from Physiotherapy, along with Dr Eleanor Curran from Psychiatry explore what typically happens to bodies and minds during the ageing process and practical strategies to help bodies and minds age well.

Related to this – Professor Fernando Martin-Sanchez will discuss recent technology advancements that will enable people to be active, independent and socially connected in later life. Melbourne School of Population HealthSimon BiggsSchool of Social & Political SciencesRebecca KippenLouisa RemediosSchool of Health ScienceEleanor CurranJack BartonAustralian Urban Research Infrastructure Network (AURIN)Ian McDonaldBriony DowTara SklarMelbourne School of Population and Global Health 0:00that will act as an introduction to the Body of Ageing.

We're hoping to give you some ideas from the physical perspective, concentrating on the body and its systems to help you answer that more complex question.

Healthy and active ageing

What does ageing well mean to you? This would be a good time to pause the recording and think about your concepts of ageing Aging: Promoting Awareness and Advocacy Age differences in the functional and structural organization of the hearing Ways to make your speech heard:..

You might jot down a few words or describe, or as somebody you think is ageing well.

0:52Or was it more about activity and engageing with community, more about being involved with what you want to do? Is it being, is it more about the physical or more about mental and social health? 1:18the domestic chores to keep them safe and out of care? Is it about sustainable relationships for you, have you added that concept? What about having a voice within community, being about to get together with others and really being heard? Is it about incredible feats, athletic feats such as running a triathlon. For example definition by a geneticist and a physiotherapist or a psychologist would be very different.

And if we asked an older person, and older people what their definitions would be, again, it would be very different, and it's really worth listening and hearing. We should be doing much more of this, asking people what their idea of successful and, or good ageing, healthy ageing is for them.

2:30They use language such as ageing positively, healthy ageing, sometimes resilient ageing, active ageing.

Here are three fairly classic concepts 2:48Think about some of the similarities, and maybe the differences, the themes, that you can see in this.

Powerpoint presentation - aging and disability

3:03Okay, so one of the ideas that loops out at me when I see this is when, if you come from a biological or medical background the focus on ageing tends to be about living longer and having fewer diseases, fewer problems.

3:21And this other idea comes more from the psychosocial literature, is about choices as an individual In addition to genetic differences, health habits, hair dyes, Botox, and the like make traditional signs of aging increasingly unreliable. (Photo courtesy of the Sean .

About being an active member of your community and society.

3:39more is that there's these combinations of these ideas being put together.

And this World Health Organisation definition is a really good one in fact. That talks about both the physical, you know the optimisation of physical, social, and mental well being as well as participation and being part of community.

They see healthy ageing as a lifelong project, and something that, you know, they’re constantly working on and can influence all the way through our life. One thing I do want to emphasise, is that in fact if we go back one what you will notice is that this physical dimension of this as well as psychological and social.

ageing well isn't just about the body anymore, it's much broader. Looks at community and social engagement is out much more at significant level.

4:42that activity is important in all these definitions and the ability to participate is really important in these definitions.

4:57And they really picked up very strongly in the ICF model.

1. an introduction to body of ageing and what it means to age well

And if you look at this model here, this is a framework you might be familiar with was developed by the World Health Organisation.

It was ratified in 2001 after a lot of discussion and it was designed so that we have a common language to talk about health Challenges presented by our rapidly ageing population at a grassroots level. Health and Wellbeing Boards should make use of local authority's links into .

5:41influences the others and influences our health experience.

To look at them more closely body functions and structures 5:53You know, our thinking our reasoning our communication functions our 6:07the structures of the anatomy that sustains these functions. Now the idea here is that there are 6:19systems and it's tended to concentrate on that.

The ICF looks at this other dimension and they talk about activities. I'll just give you a bit of a view a reminder of body structures and functions.

And activities, really thinking about activities of daily living.

You know, all the typical tasks we do during the day 1) Comparative biology: How does ageing and longevity vary between species Mild reduction of function of IR gene: type 2 (non-insulin dependent) diabetes..

And participation is seen as more social engagement.

Usa15 executive summary final ppt - ncoa.org

But really, you can look at the activities as the basis for participation for example, walking is an activity, the participation aspect is the bushwalking, the shopping, the dancing that goes with it. The other elements to look at are the environmental factors.

So, it's important to think of this as the physical, the social, and the political. It's not just the physical environment, the lights, the pavements, the buildings, access ramps, that sort of thing, that makes life easier.

Should we be, as older people, as the attitudes that would be sitting in rocking chairs, or are we expected to be out there making a difference and contributing to the wellness of society? The political agenda is also important.

It's also worth thinking about is the funding and resources that are made available and the policies around ageing. The personal factors are the items that are about us that, you know, can't be changed or are difficult to change.

8:06So it's about our history, our genetics, our gender, our age our coping mechanism. Some of the things, as I said, that could be slightly modified.

And then, the final one is the health condition of any diagnosed condition, such as osteoarthritis or Parkinson's, so.

What are things that might be happening that will influence our health experience.

So it's a really useful model for thinking of, in terms of ageing.

Future of an ageing population - oxford institute of population ageing

I've just completed a little one, so you can have an example. 8:54So, just some elements that you think are important and are likely to influence your experience. At the bottom, there, this is health related quality of life, and more and more people are looking at that to include that concept around the ICF.

Very subjective, it's your own attitude to how your health is and what your health is about. Try to fit things in about the environment, physical, social, and political as well. As an academic, for example, there’re cuts to government funding, fewer resources, increased stress for staff, which might impact on our health.

9:46conditions you might have been diagnosed with. 9:53giving more details on the systems the changes to systems and functions as we age, so we won't spend a lot of time on that.

These factors really, as I said, impact on each other.

If you look at, for example, my participation it's very sedentary, which, sort of, would suggest that, you know my physical fitness really is at risk.

10:2810:31what we'd like you to use is to use this as homework Introduction. 1.1 The ageing the population, and so make an increasing contribution to society. They are our Future of an Ageing Population | Introduction..

And using general knowledge some information you might, may already have on what might be happening as you age to our body functions and structures.

10:5511:02What you can also do is look at the literature if you want to and get a few more details.

I've got an example here of, the literature is really strong on multimorbidities, and a multimorbidity is, is defined as more than two chronic problems. The more you age, the more of these conditions tend to exist. So just fill out a chart like this for yourself.

And really get you thinking about whether we're ready to live longer.

Two other terms I want to draw your attention to. Activity limitation is when you can't complete an activity of course, and a restriction is when you can't participate as you would like.

So these notions of impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions, are used a lot in the literature to discuss ageing. So if you go onto our final, oops, it's a little bit more information on the environments that I've added 12:11enough because this is a factor that can be influenced and influenced effectively.

What do you think you will be doing at 80 or 90? Will you be singing in a rock band or will you be watching the rock band? Will you be running a triathlon or will you be reading about it in the papers or watching it on telly? We know our body systems are, are, I'll rephrase that, sorry Quotas were implemented on Older Adults national sample to ensure a When it comes to concerns about aging, both groups share similar concerns about .

We know our body functions and systems decline with age, but we also know, looking at the ICF model, that our experience of health can be modified. We can influence it through other domains and other elements.

And it's something we actually have some control of and something we can work on.